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Chalk Mounds in England and Ohio Share a Common Source in the Dogon Religion
by Shannon Dorey November 2016

Serpent Mound, Adams County, Ohio, USA


White Horse of Uffington, England ©Shannon Dorey

The people who built the Serpent and Lizard Mounds of Ohio believed in the same religion as those who built the White Horse of Uffington, Dragon Hill and other chalk mounds in England. The religion that these two groups believed in was the same religion that was known to the Dogon people of Africa.

The Dogon elder Ogotemmêli described the alien Nummo as being serpents with fish tails. They were primarily aquatic beings but they were amphibians and when they walked on land, they moved like serpents. They were described as standing on their fish and serpent like tails.Dorey, The Nummo p.199 In other instances, he described them as being like lizards. In their spaceship, which was associated with the Dogon Smithy, the Nummo were identified with horses.Dorey, The Rose p.54

Westbury White Horse, 1772 (top) and 1778 (Bottom)By Rosser 1954 - Roger Griffith - Rev. W.C. Plenderleath. The White Horses of the West of England. Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10951086

Chalk mounds in England verify the horse-fish association. The Westbury White Horse is a hill figure found on the escarpment of Salisbury Plain, in Wiltshire. Located on the edge of Bratton Downs and lying just below an Iron Age hill fort, it is the oldest of several white horses carved in Wiltshire. Rev. W.C. Plenderleath sketched the white horse in 1772 showing it with a serpent fish tail (shown above top). When the carving was re-cut in 1778 (shown above bottom), the fish tail was removed to depict a regular horse's tail, which is how it appears today.


Sketch of the White Horse of UffingtonWilliam Plenderleath in The White Horses of the West of England (1892)

This is a sketch of the Uffington White Horse, by William Plenderleath, which shows the Celtic image of a white horse.


Celtic Pictish Stone at Aberlemno, Scotland ©Robert HillCeltic Pictish Stone at Aberlemno, Scotland©Robert Hill Cover of The Nummo

This image from a Celtic Pictish stone in Aberlemno shows the image of twin horses with fish tails connecting the image of the horse with the fish.Shannon Dorey, The Nummo, cover In Chinese and Celtic mythology, this image became identified with the dragon. Dragon Hill is located in the same area as the Horse of Uffington along with Wayland's Smithy in Oxfordshire. I believe that Dragon Hill was used as a resting place for the Nummos' "iron sandal" that emitted fire and allowed them to fly over land. You can read more about Dragon Hill in my blog.


Engraving based on Great Serpent Mound sketchPublic Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4898160

Since the fish tailed Nummo were also identified with serpents, I believe that the Serpent Mound located along Ohio Brush Creek in Adams County, Ohio is another depiction of the Nummo. The image is thought to represent a serpent eating an egg. Some scholars believe that the oval symbolizes the Sun, which would fit with Dogon mythology.Shannon Dorey, The Nummo, cover This represents the swallowing myth that is so much a part of the Dogon religion. It indicates the complete regeneration of the solar system and the loss of our second Sun, which is what the serpent swallowing the Sun represents. The Sun also symbolizes an egg in this instance because it is about the end of one creation and the beginning of another.


Lizard or Alligator Mound in Granville, OhioBy Rev. Stephen D. Peet, editor - The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal, Volume XIII, Page 316, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6006838

The Nummo were also referred to as "the lizard" and the less known Lizard or Alligator Mound in Granville, shown in the above sketch, is described in this passage.

Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis surveyed the privately held site in Granville, Ohio for the Smithsonian Institution and reported their findings in their 1848 publication Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. They described the site as "strange." They report the location of the work as being 150 to 200 feet in height. They note that people in the area called it "the alligator," "although the figure bears as a close resemblance to the lizard as any other reptile." The head of the effigy points towards the southwest. The work totaled 250 feet in length from head to tail. The body was noted at 40 feet wide, and each leg was measured at 36 feet.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alligator_Effigy_Mound

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Pictograph of Mishipeshu or Mishibijiw By D. Gordon E. RobertsonBy D. Gordon E. Robertson - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15941023

In 2003, archaeologist Brad Lepper suggested that the Alligator or Lizard Effigy Mound in Granville, Ohio represents the underwater Ojibwe panther Mishipeshu or Mishibijiw. It is one of the most important of several mythological water beings among many indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands and Great Lakes region, particularly among the Anishinaabe. Mishipeshu translates into "the Great Lynx". It has the head and paws of a giant cat but is covered in scales and has dagger-like spikes running along its back and tail. Above is a pictograph of a Mishibizhiw as well as two giant serpents and a canoe, from Lake Superior Provincial Park, Ontario, Canada. Attributed to the Ojibwe.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwater_panther

These descriptions are particularly important as they associate this figure with the Nummo Ancestor Lébé from the Dogon religion. Lébé had a fishtail but a human upper body and was symbolized by a lion. Because of her/his fishtail, Lébé was perceived as being lame, and in The Nummo I associated Lébé with the Celtic god Lugh Llew Llaw Gyffes, who was also lame, and was known as ‘the Lion with the Steady Hand’. In The Rose, I refer to the fact that the Cumbric word llewn associated with Lugh Llew Llaw Gyffes meant lynx in an ancient language related to the Celtic Welsh.Shannon Dorey, The Rose, p. 296 I also associated Lébé with the Greek Dionysus, whose name Robert Graves believed meant “The Lame God of Light.”Shannon Dorey, The Nummo, p. 12 Dionysus' symbolic animal was the panther, showing a common theme in all of these Ojibwe descriptions. The panther was a sacred animal in the Dogon religion and one of the animals considered immortal.Shannon Dorey, The Rose, p. 362

Mishipeshu or Mishibijiw is also commonly referred to as the "Great underground wildcat" or "Great under-water wildcat," and is the most important of the underwater animals for the Ojibwa.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwater_panther Besides being an aquatic being, Lébé was also described as living underground.


Mishipeshu With Horns By UyvsdiBy Uyvsdi - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8843870

This picture of Mishipeshu, from the National Museum of the American Indian, George Gustav Heye Center library, shows him with horns, which was also a characteristic of the Nummo. Dionysus was likewise associated with a bull and the horns here resemble bull's horns. Another interesting factor is that Mishipeshu is known for guarding vast amounts of copper in Lake Superior and the Great Lakes Region. This is significant as it relates to the Nummo, who also mined copper in its liquid form, which was used in their spaceships. Ogotemmêli called it, "liquid copper". I refer to the mining practice in this passage from The Master of Speech.

There is evidence that the Nummo used “liquid copper” for fuel and that they mined it over bodies of water: “The Nummo being, is in a sense, copper in virtue of his/her celestial and luminous essence, and takes back to himself/herself all copper that passes over watery places which are his/her preserves.” Ogotemmêli said that rays falling from the clouds were changed into copper on touching the ground. “Not on the surface of the ground, however, but deep in the Earth, too deep for humans to be able to lay hold of it, the transformation took place.”

Anyone wearing copper bracelets was warned to stay away from water, or they would risk being carried away by it, perhaps because of the process used by the Nummo to mine it. Ogotemmêli said, “To pass with the metal near certain waters was to risk seeing it return to the water and be carried away with it oneself.”Shannon Dorey, The Master of Speech, p. 23

Taking copper from Lake Superior and the Great Lakes Region "was extremely taboo and forbidden by the Ojibwa tribe. It was even worse to take it from the Great Lynx's home, Michipicoten Island; this was considered to be stealing from Mishipeshu himself."https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwater_panther

A Jesuit missionary named Claude Dablon told a story about four Ojibwa men who went to the home of Mishipeshu to take some copper back to their home to heat water. The moment they pushed off, the eerie voice of the water panther surrounded them. The water panther came growling after them and "all four of the Indians died on the way back to their village; the last one surviving just long enough to tell the tale of what had happened in his final moments before he finally died."https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underwater_panther from It is quite possible that the Ojibwa men had been exposed to some type of nuclear radiation. Ogotemmêli also spoke about the death of those Dogon, who were attracted to the lake when this process was being carried out. Apparently the red calabash and glistening light associated with the Nummo spaceship attracted people to the lake and they were drawn into the water and drowned. In the Dogon culture copper was a symbol of the Nummo and was considered more important than gold.Shannon Dorey, The Master of Speech, p. 24

Because of these similarities, I believe that the chalk mounds found in England were created by the same people who built the chalk mounds in Ohio. If you would like to read more about the similarities between North American Indigenous cultures and the Dogon religion read this article North American Indigenous Myths and the Nummo Ancestors.

For more information about the Nummo and the Dogon religion refer to my books, which can be purchased at right.